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4.6 Remediation implementation activities

Remediation of a contaminated area comprises the preparation and approval of a remediation plan; remediation operations; and the management of waste resulting from the remediation activities.

Before planning and implementing a specific remediation programme, the nature of the problem and the associated concerns should be appropriately characterized. All relevant information concerning the past and present management of the situation and any emergency response actions taken should be compiled so as to be available for consideration in the development of the remediation strategy.

An appropriate assessment of both the radiological and non-radiological impacts of the situation and the benefits and detriments associated with possible remedial measures, including the associated restrictions and institutional arrangements following remediation, should be performed and an optimum strategy should be established.

In each specific situation, remedial measures should be based on reference levels established as part of the decision making process.